Total ankle arthroplasty continues to gain popularity amongst surgeons and patients as an alternative to arthrodesis. Historically the designs of early implants were plagued with complications and frequently abandoned. Since that time the procedure and materials have undergone significant advancements in both surgical approach as well as design and function of the available implants. In this study, 40 consecutive patients who received a semiconstrained prosthesis with a unique fixed-bearing polyethylene insert were identified. Minimum follow-up was 2 yr. Demographic, social, and past medical data was retrospectively reviewed. Concomitant procedures were also recorded. Radiographic analysis included lateral ankle radiograph postoperative range of motion (ROM) with maximum dorsiflexion and maximum plantarflexion weight bearing at the most recent clinic visit. Clinical outcomes included VAS, FFI, and AOFAS scores. Lateral radiographs taken in the office at a minimum 2-y follow-up showed mean maximum dorsiflexion of 11.8 degrees and plantarflexion of 13.9 degrees. VAS, FFI, and AOFAS scores improved from 8.1, 92.9, and 44.8 to 1.4, 15.3, and 90.1 postoperatively, respectively. A total of 2.5% (n = 1) required revision surgery for poly failure, and 5.0% (n = 2) underwent local wound care in the office setting postoperatively and healed without complications. Overall survivorship was 97.5% at the minimum follow-up of 2 y. In conclusion, similar studies have reported survivorship from 90% to 100% with modern ankle implants in short to mid-term follow-up. Although this is a small sample size, our data shows a 97.5% survivorship at 2 yr postoperatively with favorable patient-reported statistically significant functional outcome scores, and ankle range of motion consistent with existing literature.

Author Dr. Jay Badell Fellowship Trained Trauma & Reconstructive Surgeon of the Foot Ankle & Leg

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